The Taj Mahal is the largest and most elaborate structure of the Mughal Empire, and is one of the greatest achievements of Islamic architecture in all history. While there are many theories as to who actually designed the complex, most scholars agree that the primary architects were the Persian builders Ustad Isa Khan Effendi and Ustad Ahmad. A third architect, Ismail Khan, may have been responsible for designing the main dome.
Building the Taj Mahal was a major feat. Builders, designers, and artists were brought in from across the Mughal Empire as well as imported from Persia, Central Asia, and other Islamic kingdoms. For 22 years after ground was broken in 1632, the greatest artists and builders of the Islamic world were employed on this massive mausoleum. According to most sources, over 20,000 people worked on the Taj Mahal. When it was completed it included a main gateway, a mosque, a rest house, gardens, and the actual mausoleum itself, covering 42 acres of land in total.
Thanks to the great number of designers, artists, and craftsmen who worked on the Taj Mahal, the overall design is a fascinating blend of Indian, Islamic, and Persian features. It’s a complex and beautiful building, well deserving of the respect it has maintained over the centuries.